Trang: 1 thuộc về 8 1SỞ GD-ĐT HÀ TĨNHTRƯỜNG THPT TRẦN PHÚĐỀ THI THỬ THQG-NĂM HỌC 2014 -2024 MÔN: TIẾNG ANH Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút (không kể thời gian giao đề) Mã đề thi 09Họ, tên thí sinh:………………………………………………………………..Số báo danh:…………………………………………………………………….Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined parts differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.Question 1: A.
hatedQuestion 2: A.
churchMark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.Question 3: A.
politicsQuestion 4: A.
motherQuestion 5: A.
particularMark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that is closest in meaning to the underlined part in each of the following questions.Question 6: The mass media provide apowerful means of disseminatingpropaganda.A. accordingB.
producingC.spreadingD.collectingQuestion 7: His new yatch is certainly an ostentatiousdisplay of his wealth.A. beautifulB.
expensiveQuestion 8: I’d rather stay in a hotel with all the amenitiesthan camp in the woodsA.
sportsQuestion 9: Earthquakes are regarded as one of the most devastatingforces known to man.A. terrifyingB.
mysteriousQuestion 10: In most countries, compulsorymilitary service does not apply to women A.superiorB. mandatoryC.
by no meansD.
chalk and cheeseC.
fast and furiousD.
How dare you? B.
I’m afraid so.
I feel very bored B.
That would be great D.
Because of she quarreled B.
Because having quarreledD.
catch up withB.
stand in forC.
come up toD.
would not be B.
will not be C.
wouldn’t have been D.
phoned/ was writing B.
has phoned/ was writingD.
A.atB. fromC.onD.inMark the letter A,B,C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.Question 30:California hasmore land underirrigationthan any anotherstates.A B C DQuestion 31: Inthe 1920’s cinemabecame an important art form andone of the ten largest industryin A B C Dthe United StatesQuestion 32:Ripefruit is often storedin a place whocontains much carbon dioxide so that the fruit A B Cwill not decay too rapidly.DQuestion 33: In thenineteenth century, womenused quilts to inscribe their responses toA B Csocial, economic, and politicsissues.DQuestion 34: Hotat the equator causes the airto expand, rise , and flow towardthe poles A B C DRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the chúng tôi first traffic signal was invented by a railway signaling engineer.
It was installed outside the Houses of Parliament in 1868.
Red-green systems was installed in Cleveland in 1914.
James’s Street and 4Piccadilly, in 1925.
In the past, traffic lights were special.
In New York, some lights had a statue on top.
These aregone and have been replaced by standard models which are universally adopted.Question 35: A.resembledB.lookedC.showedD.seemedQuestion 36: A.HoweverB.ThereforeC.AlthoughD.DespiteQuestion 37: A.forbadeB.disappointedC.avoidedD.discouragedQuestion 38: A.NewB.RecentC.ModernD.LateQuestion 39: A.byB.withC.throughD.inQuestion 40: A.middleB.heartC.focusD.halfwayQuestion 41: A.showB.appearC.happenD.becomeQuestion 42:A.aB.in chúng tôi aD.theQuestion 43: A.changeB.alterC.varyD.moveQuestion 44:A.riseB.raiseC.wakeD.get upRead the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions from45to54Large animals that inhabit the desert have evolved a number of adaptations for reducing the effects of extreme heat.
One adaptation is to be light in color, and to reflect rather than absorb the Sun’s rays.
Desert mammals also depart from the normalmammalian practice of maintaininga constant body temperature.
Instead of trying to keep down the body temperature deep inside the body, which would involve the expenditure of water and energy, desert mammals allow their temperatures to rise to what wouldnormally be fever height, and temperatures as high as 46 degrees Celsius have been measured in Grant’s gazelles.
The overheated body then cools down during the cold desert night, and indeed the temperature may fall unusually low by dawn, aslow as 34 degrees Celsius in the camel.
The camel can lose up to 30 percent of its body weight as water without harm to itself, whereas human beings die after losing only 12 to 13 percent of their body chúng tôi equally important adaptation is the ability to replenish this water loss at one drink.
Desert animals can drink prodigious volumes in a short time, and camels have been known to imbibe over 100 liters in a few minutes.
A very dehydrated person, on the other hand, cannot drink enough water to rehydrate at one session, because the human stomach is not sufficiently big and because a too rapid dilution of the body fluids causes death from water intoxication.
Desert-adapted mammals have the further ability to feed normally when extremely dehydrated, it is a common experience in people that appetite is lost even under conditions of moderate thirst.Question 45:1.
What is the main topic of the passage?A.
Weather variations in the desertB.
Adaptations of desert animals.C. Diseased of desert animalsD.
Human use of desert animals.
It helps them hide from predatorsB.
It does not absorb sunlight as much as dark colorsC.
delayingQuestion 48:The author uses of Grant’s gazelle as an example ofA.
an animal with a low average temperatureB.
an animal that is not as well adapted as the camelC.
a desert animal that can withstand high body temperaturesD.
a desert animal with a constant body temperatureQuestion 49:When is the internal temperature of a large desert mammal lower?A.
Just before sunriseB.
In the middle of the dayC.
Just after sunsetD.
reduceQuestion 51:What causes water intoxication?A.
Drinking too much water very quicklyB.
Drinking polluted water.C. Bacteria in water.D. Lack of water.Question 52:Why does the author mention humans in the second paragraph?A.
To show how they use camels.B. To contrast them to desert mammalsC.
getQuestion 54:Which of the following is NOT mentioned as an adaptation of large desert animals?A.
Variation in body temperatures.B. Eating while dehydratedC.
Air pollution requires a very flexible definition that permits continuous change.
When the first air pollution laws were established in England in the fourteenth century, air pollutants were limited to compounds that could be seen or smelled -a far cry from the extensive list of harmful substances known today.
As technology has developed and knowledge of the health aspects of various chemicals has increased, the list of air pollutants has lengthened.
In the future, even water vapor might be considered an air pollutant under certain conditions.
6Many of the more important air pollutants, such as sulfur oxides, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides, are found in nature.
As the Earth developed, the concentration of these pollutants was altered by various chemical reactions; they became components in biogeochemical cycles.
Theseserve as an air purification scheme by allowing the compounds to move from the air to the water or soil.
On a global basis, nature’s output of these compounds dwarfs that resulting from human activities.However, human production usually occurs in a localizedarea, such as a city.
In such a region, human output may be dominant and may temporarily overload the natural purification scheme of the cycles.
The result is an increased concentration of noxious chemicals in the air.
The actual concentration need not be large for a substance to be a pollutant; in fact, the numerical value tells us little until we know how much of an increase this represents over the concentration that would occur naturally in the area.
For example, sulfur dioxide has detectablehealth effects at 0.08 parts per million(ppm), which is about 400 times its natural level.
Carbon monoxide, however, has a natural level of 0.1 ppm and is not usually a pollutant until its level reaches about 15 ppm.Question 55: What does the passage mainly discuss?A.
The economic impact of air pollution.B. What constitutes an air pollutantC.
most air pollutants today can be seen or smelledC.
the definition of airpollution will continue to change D.
a substance becomes an air pollutant only in cities Question 58:The word “These”in the second paragraph is closest in meaning to_.A. the various chemical reactions B.
the pollutants from the developing EarthC.
the compounds moved to the water D.
the components in biogeochemical cyclesQuestion 59:For which of the following reasons can natural pollutants play an important role in controlling air pollution?A.
They function as part of a purification process.
They occur in greater quantities than other pollutants.C. They are less harmful to living beings than other pollutants.
can overwhelm the natural system that removes pollutantsC.
will damage areas outside of the localized regions D.